Author Archives: ardegas

The Chavista Conspiracy against Honduras

According to “whiteys”, Hugo Chavez was responsible for the 2009 political crisis in Honduras.

There are several versions of this theory, but the most radical one claims that Manuel Zelaya received financial support from Hugo Chavez to win the elections of 2.005 through electoral fraud, others say that Manuel Zelaya was diverted to the Chavista left when he signed the accession of Honduras to ALBA.

The modus operandi of the Chavista left is to rise to power through the ballots, and once in power to destroy democracy from within, destroying the separation of the branches of government, creating new political constitutions to enable them to obtain totalitarian powers, establishing unlimited presidential re-elections, allowing them to perpetuate themselves in power through electoral fraud.

This is what Hugo Chavez sought to do in Honduras through Manuel Zelaya, because Manuel Zelaya is nothing more than a lackey of Hugo Chavez.

Zelaya’s administration strongly promoted the idea that it was necessary to change the Constitution in order to solve the problems of Honduras, but it never explained what those changes were.

The initial plan was to hold a referendum or plebiscite to ask people whether they wanted a new constitution. This consultation would take place the day of presidential elections: November 29, 2009.

But Zelaya never received congressional approval for the legal framework that would allow this consultation, so Zelaya decided to break the law, and to legitimize this consultation he arranged for another consultation, which would ask the people if they wanted to be consulted on the issue of whether to create or not a new constitution for Honduras.

This new consultation, totally illegal, was just a smokescreen Zelaya used to save time and hide his true intent, which failed, because everyone in Honduras knew that the real intention of Zelaya was to stay in office forever, although the Constitution of Honduras prohibits presidential reelection.

2.009 was scheduled as an election year in Honduras, and normally the electoral issues capture the attention of the press, but Manuel Zelaya overshadowed the issue of elections with his campaign for the “fourth ballot box” or referendum.

In this campaign a seed of hatred was planted against all of those who opposed the Chavista plans of Zelaya, accusing them of being “tools of the oligarchy,” or at best: “useful idiots.”

It was obvious that Zelaya did not want to have presidential elections, because he didn’t provided enough funds to the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, a body responsible for conducting the electoral process, and that’s why he refused to submit the annual national budget, with the objective of embezzling the government’s funds to invest them in the illegal referendum.

Zelaya was informed of the decisions of the Judiciary, which prohibited him from performing such consultation, but he was arrogant and he believed himself to be above the law.

June 28 was the day set for the consultation, which could not be performed because Zelaya was expelled from the country and the electoral material was seized.

The electoral fraud of Zelaya was discovered, that he had prepared an executive decree ordering the immediate convening of a Constituent National Assembly. Zelaya wanted to dissolve the Supreme Court and Congress that day, because they oppose their totalitarian plans for staying in office.

This plan of Zelaya was a real coup, and the removal of Zelaya was made to prevent that coup, but the world could not understand this, because of the disinformation campaign conducted by Hugo Chavez and the international Left.

The Supreme Court issued an arrest warrant against Zelaya, for abuse of authority and treason, among others, but the military responsible for the capture of Zelaya decided that for national security issues it was preferable to oust Zelaya of the country before a mob may try to free him.

To fill the resulting power vacuum, Congress decided to swear in Roberto Micheletti as president of the Republic, to whom belonged this high office as virtue of being the next in the line of command in accordance with the Constitution.

Roberto Micheletti was a legitimate president and not a de facto president, as stated by Honduras’ enemies, because Zelaya had been automatically removed from office under Article 239 of the Constitution, for promoting re-election.

Roberto Micheletti behaved as a true national hero resisting international pressure to resign.

The population endured the Zelayista terrorism financed by Hugo Chavez, so it was necessary to declare several days of curfew, as it was necessary to reduce street violence.

For his part, Zelaya was stubbornly defaming his country, throwing absurd accusations of human rights violations, but later, under U.S. pressure, he decided to sign an agreement with the Micheletti administration, an agreement that he ignored when he realized it didn’t suit him.

But it was too late for Zelaya, because that agreement allowed the recognition of the 2.009 elections by the United States.

The elections were conducted successfully, despite the boycott attempt by Hugo Chavez. But the Chavez conspiracy did not end with the inauguration of a new president in Honduras.

It has been shown that the new president, Porfirio Lobo, bends easily to Zelayista interests, while pretending to be a moderate. President Lobo is part of the Chavista conspiracy against Honduras, which has entered into a new phase.

Problems with this story

The removal of Zelaya gave the impression of a real coup. The reasons against this give the impression of being mere rationalizations.

This conspiracy theory didn’t have an international propaganda diffusion, so it was easy to bury the truth under tons of lies.

“Whiteys” exaggerate when they see the shadow of Hugo Chavez everywhere.

The Cartagena Agreement is positive

I believe the Cartagena agreement is positive, because it helps to reduce the level of confrontation in Honduras. Although it may seem strange President Chavez’s cooperation with Honduras in order to return to the OAS, after his extremist rhetoric, accusing the government of Lobo of being a continuation of the coup. It is also positive the resumption of diplomatic relations with Nicaragua.

With this agreement President Lobo scores another diplomatic victory, locating himself in the center of the controversy between the factions of “whiteys” and “resistance.”

A sector of the self-called “resistance” interprets the agreement as a political victory, while another sector questions the lack of transparency in the negotiations.

Manuel Zelaya is expected to arrive in Honduras on Saturday 28 May. A massive welcome is being organized from the “resistance.”

The faction of the “whiteys” shows some division too, some see this agreement as an anti-patriotic betrayal, while others see it as an opportunity to lower the profile of Zelaya.

This agreement does not mean the end of tensions. The agreement may be misunderstood by either party, which may create more conflicts. Specifically regarding the alleged legal persecution of the Zelaya’s administration officials.

The Conspiracy of the Coup d’Etat

Both those who favored the coup (they call it “constitutional succession”) and those who are against it use different versions of conspiracy theories to explain what happened in Honduras.

While in other parts of the world conspiracy theories suffer from a bad reputation, they are necessary in Honduras.

And of course, internationally, the most acceptable conspiracy theory is that of the coup d’Etat.

And this being so, one wonders, if conspiracy theories have such a bad press, why in the case of Honduras they are acceptable?

In my opinion, this happens because of the bad image Honduras has internationally. A lot of people find it hard to believe that the U.S. government, for example, may conspire against his own people, but it is easier to think that a small country with a bad reputation, like Honduras, can.

The conspiracy theory of the coup d’Etat

According to the group that claims Honduras had a military coup, known as the “resistance”, Manuel Zelaya was the greatest president Honduras ever had,  the one who had the courage, like no other, to confront the the powers that be.  Proof of this was the disproportionate increase in the minimum wage and the proposed “fourth ballot box”, through which he was to inaugurate the popular sovereignty and participatory democracy. His affiliation with the progressive governments of Latin America that have joined the ALBA offered no doubt about his good intentions.

That’s why the Honduran oligarchy was frightened, because it saw the power slipping out of it hands, so they decided to conspire for a coup d’Etat, with the secret U.S. approval.  In fact, the U.S.  took the initiative in the coup, as the Honduran oligarchy is too servile to even think of a coup without the approval of Uncle Sam.

The conspirators were a group of businessmen of Arab descent who have taken the country through economic power, exploiting the natives and their natural resources. This group of Arab businessmen used the military to give a military coup with some semblance of civilian rule.  Roberto Micheletti appeared as a de facto civilian president, but in reality he was only a puppet in the hands of the military.

The military took control of Congress and the Supreme Court.

Upon learning of the coup, the people went immediately to the streets protesting against the savage military coup, repudiating dictator Micheletti, so the de facto regime responded with torture, killings and disappearances.

The dead, tortured and desaparecidos are counted by the thousands, it’s a real slaughter, but you wouldn’t have known this by the Honduran media because they were all controlled by the coupsters. All anti-coup media was shut down. The international news channels like CNN were censored.

The oligarchy organized rallies of government and private business employees supporting the coup to give the impression that it had popular support, but they failed to convince anyone.

The U.S. publicly denounced the coup but it secretly continued funding it.

With the help of the United States fraudulent elections were held which were attended by less than 5% of the population, and yet the United States recognized the elections as valid.

The elections were intended to wash the face of the coup, but the sad reality is that the military remains in power through savage repression and brutality, but this is hidden from international public opinion through the disinformation campaign  of the U.S. imperialism.

The Honduran people continue to believe that Mel Zelaya is their messiah, and he soon will come to free his people from he chains of the oligarchy.

But the reality is that…

It’s not true that Mel Zelaya did an excellent job as president in favor of the poor. Zelaya was characterized by his chaotic administration, he squandered the money of the debt cancellation.  Zelaya was not removed from office for being pro-poor, but for trying to jump the fence of the political game’s rules.

There is no evidence of conspiracy for a coup d’Etat. The expulsion of Mel Zelaya of the country was apparently an unexpected event.  Micheletti took office because he was the next in the line of command under the Constitution.  There is no evidence that the military exercised the power.  Micheletti led a civilian government.  The Congress and the Supreme Court continued with the same officials who served during Zelaya’s term.

The groups that supported Zelaya were a minority. Reports of human rights abuses were politically manipulated in order to damage Honduras’ image. The pro-Zelaya media continued to operate in the midst of crisis, defaming and inciting people to violence.

The elections were a success, and have been the basis for international recognition of the Honduras government. There is no evidence of U.S. participation in Zelaya’s overthrown, rather, on the contrary, it pressed for the return of Zelaya to power and continues to regard what happened on June 28, 2009 as a coup.

Mel Zelaya, annulment of charges

“They bent the arm of the Supreme Court,  which was forced to annul  the the charges against Zelaya so that Honduras may return to the OAS. “

That’s what the anti -Zelaya media media says,  but there is no evidence of this.

Whiteys complained that Zelaya had no respect for the law and that the rule of law had to be rescued.

However, the annulment of the charges against Zelaya was made following the legal principles and legal formalities.  Therefore,  it must be respected, even when they don’t like it.  Justice can not expect to please everyone.

They forget that the removal of Zelaya was illegal.  Every citizen is entitled to due process, and not to be forced out of the country.  When this right is violated, legal consequences may come, as the annulment of charges.

But Zelaya followers are mistaken if they believe this will end all legal actions against Zelaya.  The Public Ministry has decided not to appeal the decision of the Court , but that does not mean they can not  initiate a new prosecution against him.

The annulment of charges does not amount to admit that Zelaya is innocent of the charges against him,  let alone admitting that there was a coup d’Etat on June 28, 2009.

Zelaya himself has said that  “the  persecution against him still continues”,  that his “constitutional rights” are still not guaranteed  That is, he intends to enjoy total impunity as a condition to return to Honduras.

The Garifuna People

Garifuna dancing

Currently there are two major groups very representative of Afro-Caribbean Blacks : the Garifuna and the English-speaking Blacks.

These latter were located mainly in the Bay Islands and La Ceiba with their own cultural particularities . Their population is approximately 20.800 people.

The Garifuna in their native language are called Garínagu, which in English means “Black Caribs”.” They have their origin in the Yurumain Island, also known as St. Vincent, West Indies Minors.

They are descendants of the Carib, Arawak and black Africans, who arrived on the island to escape the enslavement of the Spanish and Portuguese ships. In the seventeenth century some of these boats sank in front of the Yurumain Island ( St. Vincent) in which the slaves took refuge, mixing gradually with the native Caribs producing the emergence of the Garifuna people.

The Afro-Caribbean partnership resulted in the fussion of language and culture, augmented by the inter-ethnic procreation and subsequent arrival of cimarrones (runaway slaves) from other islands.

In 1793, St. Vincent became the property of Great Britain, which succeeded in defeating the Garifuna after a series of battles that highlighted the strength of the legendary leader Chatuyc. In 1797, the Garifuna were deported to Roatan Island and then to Trujillo Bay, in which they had good relations with the natives, according to some documentation. From the area of Trujillo, whose villages Cristales (Crystals) and Río Negro (Black River) still represent the traditional capital of the ethnicity, it begins the process of coastal dispersion resulting in the current geographic distribution.

The language that Black Caribs speak today is of Amerindian origin: the Arawak, of European influence (French, Spanish and English), which gave rise to the Garifuna language.

The Garifuna have formed in 47 communities in the departments of Cortes, Atlantida, Bay Islands, Colon and Gracias a Dios. They have a population of 250 thousand inhabitants, including settled populations in San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa. They are also in Belize, Guatemala and Nicaragua.

This population has a long and rich culture expressed in various socio-cultural factors, with an agricultural system that relies on the collective ownership of land used in household production for subsistence.

Their production system (fallow and crop rotation ) has allowed them to live in harmony with the land and its resources, thanks to their social organization, where women play a major role in agricultural and cultural activities. Also, many women contribute significantly to the family income, spending much of their time in the preparation and sale of casabe, bread and coconut oil.

The Garifuna social organization highlights the figure of the chief and the council of elders. In addition to the traditional occupations of agriculture and fishing they have a wide variety of foods and beverages, rich in proteins, vitamins and calories as the tatau (Garifuna soup with a variety of tubers, seafoods and coconut), the areba or manioc (large tortilla of baked cassava) and thehudutu (machuca). Among the drinks is the hin, a species of beer made from cassava; the Marmara, a beverage prepared with fermented corn and sugar cane juice.

As for singing, dancing and ritual, the most important and significant manifestation is , however, the Dágá, a rite dedicated to the dead in which the abaómahani is sung by women and the arumhani by men . There is also the punta, a fertility dance dedicated to people’s reproduction. The Chugé is also a rite dedicated to the spirits.

Most of the of them profess the Catholic faith, without abandoning their religious beliefs of the Dágá, and the Chagá (cult of the dead) which is a meeting for family unity.

Given the limited opportunities for training and local employment, many Garifuna men work as sailors (cooks, stevedores, cleaners and helpers) in commercial vessels and then migrate to the USA .

Among the first modern organizational efforts of the ethnic peoples is the foundation of the Organization of the Community of Crystals and Black River, a Garifuna association which in 1986 succeeded in titling the communal property of an area of 9 thousand hectares of land that is now invaded by the State itself.

In June 1977 a group of black leaders concerned about the future of their communities founded the Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras (OFRANEH) as a civic and protest entity.

The Garifuna community has built up its nutrition and lifestyle relying primarily on marine-coastal resources.

Source: Diario La Prensa, 28 January 1996. Quoted in the book “Historia de Honduras” by Miguel J. Suazo Padilla.

Honduras’ ZIP Codes

Within Honduras, it is not necessary to include a ZIP code in the mail in order for it to arrive at its destination within the country. However, some websites ask for this information, and it may be necessary when sending mail to Honduras from another country.

ZIP codes are only defined for the major cities of Honduras. To each city corresponds a single ZIP code, with the exception of the city of San Pedro Sula, which has four ZIP codes corresponding to the four cardinal points.

These are the ZIP codes sorted by departments:

1. La Ceiba 31101
2. Tela 31301
1. Trujillo 32101
2. Tocoa 32301
1. Comayagua 12101
2. Siguatepeque 12111
1. Santa Rosa de Copán 41101
2. La Entrada 41202
1. San Pedro Sula
Sector N.E. 21101
Sector N.O. 21102
Sector S.E. 21103
Sector S.O. 21104
2. Puerto Cortes 21301
1. Choluteca 51101
2. Pespire 51201
El Paraiso
1. Yuscaran 13101
2. Danli 13201
Francisco Morazan
1. Tegucigalpa 11101
2. Comayaguela 12101
Gracias A Dios
1. Puerto Lempira 33101
1. La Esperanza 14101
2. Jesus de Otoro 14201
Islas de La Bahia (Bay Islands)
1. Roatan 34101
La Paz
1. La Paz 15101
2. Marcala 15201
1. Gracias 42101
2. Erandique 42201
1. Ocotepeque 43101
2 San Marcos de Ocotepeque 43201
1. Juticalpa 16101
2. Catacamas 16201
Santa Barbara
1. Santa Barbara 22101
2. Trinidad 22114
1. Nacaome 52101
2. San Lorenzo 52102
1. Yoro 23101
2. El Progresso 23201

What is the Capital of Honduras?

Tegucigalpa at Night

For a quick response it is said that Tegucigalpa is the capital city of Honduras.

However, it is more correct to say that the capital of Honduras is formed by the cities of Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela. Both cities compose the Central District. These cities are divided by the Choluteca River.

Both cities are in the department of Francisco Morazan. Honduras is divided into 18 departments. Francisco Morazan is the name of the most important national hero of Honduras. Previously the department had the name of Tegucigalpa, the same name as the capital, and Comayagüela enjoyed administrative autonomy, having its own mayor.

Tegucigalpa emerged as a mining town, although this activity is no longer practiced. The first Comayagüela settlers were indigenous of Nahuatl origin, who were brought by Spanish conquerors to work in the mines of Tegucigalpa. Tegucigalpa’s historic center is characterized by its narrow streets. Comayagüela is known for its street markets, which are in a somewhat precarious situation. Municipal authorities traditionally dedicate more resources and attention to Tegucigalpa than Comayagüela.

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What’s wrong with "Whiteys"

I was one of those who supported the overthrow of Zelaya, because in my opinion he was leading us to a dictatorship, and he had to be stopped before it was too late.

However, I do not share the radicalism expressed by some of the more radical members of the group of “Whiteys” (blanquitos).

“Whitey” (blanquito) is a somewhat derogatory term used to identify those who supported the Micheletti regime after the overthrow of Zelaya. The name “Whiteys” came from the rallies in which Micheletti supporters dressed in white.

The organization called the Civic Democratic Union (UCD) arose spontaneously in response to the the “fourth ballot box” project that aimed to change the Political Constitution.

This organization has been weakened after the inauguration of President Lobo, since he has not followed the hard line of those that oppose Zelaya.

This shows that the UCD is more of a “reactionary” than a civic organization. The UCD has not submitted any proposal for the development of the country, and is only interested in going against the Zelaya group.

The most radical anti-Zelayistas opposed to the transfer of frequency of channel 8, saying it was an act of illegal expropriation by the government, which was shown to be false. This frequency was being used illegally by a private corporation, and is now in control of the Honduran State. El Heraldo newspaper made a strong campaign insisting on this lie, despite its slogan boasts of being “the truth in your hands.” By this time I stopped reading this newspaper regularly

El Heraldo newspaper has a strong anti-Zelaya bias. I’m not a supporter of Zelaya, but I don’t agree with the distortion of the news only to favor the anti-Zelaya group.

El Heraldo does not waste the opportunity to call “ex military coupster” to Hugo Chavez, when most of the time this is not relevant to the news article.

Some of the most radical Whiteys have talked about the convenience of a coup against President Lobo, for the alleged expropriation of channel 8, and other Lobo’s actions.

Whiteys are opposed to dialogue with the Zelayista group. They maintain a vindictive attitude that does not benefit the country. It was through dialogue that the representatives of Zelaya signed on the Tegucigalpa-San Jose agreement, which allowed the U.S. recognition of the current Honduran authorities. If the radicals Whiteys had gotten their way this recognition would have been more difficult.

The attitude of Whiteys to prefer confrontation instead of dialogue would produce more mindless violence.

I support the initiative of President Lobo to talk with Hugo Chavez. Whiteys are shocked by this, because they believe he is some kind of devil’s incarnation. For my part I think we should negotiate with the devil if it’s necessary, and if Hugo Chavez now wants to cooperate with Honduras we should let him.

Whiteys are more Catholic than the Pope opposing Petrocaribe, when it was approved by Micheletti himself when he was president of the Congress.

It is true that Petrocaribe does not provide cheaper fuel, but it gives us the opportunity to delay payments with low interest rates, resulting in an excellent business for the country.

Whiteys criticize the alleged crimes of Zelaya, but turn a blind eye to corruption allegations in the Micheletti administration.

Whiteys harshly criticize teachers’ struggles, but are not interested in examining what is the origin of their claims. Whiteys speak as if the State had no responsibility for teachers’ protests.

Whiteys are opposed to innovative development projects, such as Charter Cities, this makes them look as reactionaries that oppose any change.

Whiteys embrace failed free-market theories, instilling the fear of Communism. Whiteys’ anti-Communism borders on the absurd. For my part I consider that a well understood Socialism is a beautiful hope for humanity.

PayPal in Honduras

PayPal is a payment processor that makes online shopping easy. More and more websites are accepting PayPal as payment. PayPal allows you to buy without having to enter your credit or debit card numbers each time make you make a purchase.

PayPal also allows you to receive money in your PayPal account and credit it to your Visa credit or debit card in Honduras. This is an option that some days ago was not available for Honduras, previously we could only make payments in Honduras, and now we can also receive them.

How to pay with PayPal in Honduras

Opening an account with PayPal is easy, you just need to go to the PayPal website and fill the required fields. You will need a credit or debit card that has a confirmation number on the reverse to make online payments. It is preferable to use a VISA card, as this will allow you to get paid in your PayPal account.

The VISA debit card of Banco Atlantida does not work with PayPal, because it doesn’t have the verification number on the reverse. It is preferable to use the debit card of Banco Ficohsa. At least, that is the card I have used successfully, I can not vouch for the cards of other banks.

You can use debit cards in dollar or lempiras accounts, but I think it is more convenient to use a dollar account, as most online payments are made in dollars. PayPal charges a fee for currency exchange.

How to Verify a PayPal account

PayPal will ask you to verify your account in order to provide more security for the vendors. Verifying your account will allow you to remove the limit on payments.

Verifying your account is easy. You go to your PayPal account, click the link to verify the account, follow the process indicated, and they will charge your card for the value of US$ 1.95 or the equivalent in national currency. Then you will check your statement of account and look for the four-digit code associated with this charge, enter the code in your PayPal account and that’s it. The US$ 1.95 charge will be credited back to you.

PayPal to sell online

With a personal account on PayPal you can send and receive money online, but those who are engaged in selling online need a Premier or Business account. The first is for individual vendors and the second for companies.

Juan Ramon Matta Ballesteros

Juan Ramón Matta BallesterosJuan Ramon Matta Ballesteros, also known as Juan Ramon Matta Lopez, or Juan Ramon Matta del Pozo, was a very powerful Honduran drug dealer whose illegal deportation to the United States was very controversial, it was seen as an interference of that country in the internal affairs of Honduras, and as a flagrant violation of the Constitution.

Matta Ballesteros, who was born in Barrio La Hoya of Tegucigalpa, on January 12, 1945, was accused of the crimes of drug trafficking and murder in Mexico, United States, Colombia and Honduras. He escaped several high-security prisons, such as EGLIN (U.S.) LA PICOTA and MODELO (Colombia).

Upon returning to Honduras he was imprisoned, but was soon acquitted. Honduran and U.S. authorities captured him on April 5, 1988 for submission to the U.S. federal police in order to send him to court in the U.S. His sentence was life imprisonment.

When Matta Ballesteros was in a Honduran jail, someone asked how he had escaped from “Model” prison of Colombia, which at that time was considered the safest in Latin America, to which he replied: “Well, the doors were opening and one is passing.”

The reaction to the arrest of Matta

The enlightened opinion of Honduras qualified as illegal the expulsion of Matta, citing Article 102 of the Constitution, which states that “no Hondurans may be expatriated, or handed down to the authorities of a Foreign State.”

Among those who spoke out against this action was Mr. Guillermo Perez Cadalso, which was then dean of the Law Faculty of the National University and president of the Bar Association. Also the then Chancellor of the National University, lawyer Oswaldo Ramos Soto, and the then Representative Manuel Zelaya Rosales, this last one spoke on behalf of a group of fellow Representatives.

In response to the latter, the also parliamentarian and then Minister of Natural Resources, Rodrigo Castillo Aguilar, said in a phrase that became famous: “I understand that with the surrender of Matta to the United States the Constitution was violated, but, if it is for benefit of Honduras, THE CONSTITUTION MUST BE VIOLATED AS MANY TIMES AS NECESSARY.” President Azcona argued that Matta was expelled because of reasons of “social prophylaxis. ”

That same day, April 7, at 7:00 P.M., a crowd gathered at the facilities of the American Embassy in Avenida La Paz, and immediately began throwing stones and objects at the building. The peat, which was joined by college students, burned some cars that were on the road. This peat was suppressed by anti-riot agents of the Army around 10 P.M.

Days later, on April 19, the high school student Roger Gonzalez Zelaya was arrested by security agents on charges of being one of the people who set fired to the Embassy. This young man never appeared, and some say he was tortured to death by the National Investigation Directorate (DNI).

In response to the Embassy unrests, President Azcona declared a curfew, valid only in the cities of Tegucigalpa, Comayagüela and San Pedro Sula. In implementing the provision Azcona ordered the compulsory establishment of a compulsory Cadena Nacional de Radio y Television (National Network of Radio and Television), which only broadcasted government bulletins all night long, from April, 8 to March, 12. This was widely criticized by public international opinion.

In response to the expulsion of Matta, Jaime Rosenthal Oliva resigned from his position as economic advisor of Azcona, although he continued in his position as vice-president.

Source: Book “Evolucion Historica de Honduras” by Longino Becerra (2009).